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Megaliths in Russia

These are some of the photos sent to me by Nikita Kondrjakow , a Russian archaeologist from Sotchi and
Serge Valganov , who runs an excelente site on Russian megaliths at http://megalith.ru/
Thank you for the support, both!



All megaliths shown below are situated on the Western side of Caucasus, near the Black Sea coast.
There are a huge number of megaliths and megalithis structures there, probably as many as in other megalithic "centers" in Western Europe.
 
  

 

Wolf Rock dolmen group - dolmen Nr. 3
This group of megaliths is situated on the coast of river Ashe near Lazarevskaja
(region Sotchi) and was discovered by Russian geologist Vladimir Mihailowich Kondrjakov.
There are more than 20 dolmens, two of them have a stone ring.
 

 

Wolf Rock dolmen group - dolmen No. 1 and its orientation.
Please notice the bas-relief, marking the ritual covering of an entrance.
225° is the approx. winter solistice sunset. (Should be for Sotchi 236°30' but the
difference could be caused by a mountain on the horizon)
 

 

Dolmen no. 6 of the Wolf Rock group.
We can see the same small, round cut entrance
as in many dolmens of Southern Germany.
 

 

Dolmen no. 9 of the same group.
 

 

Here the dolmen no. 5

 

Another dolmen of the Sotchi region - from the Chernomorka dolmen group.
On the entrance slab there are sun or calendar symbols.
 

 

Cup marks on the dolmen no. 5
 

 

All photos above © Nikita Kondrjakov (this is him  ;-)



Now a few photos (and text) from Serge:

 

This beautiful dolmen  is placed in the Godlick River canyon just in
the riverbed (Volkonka village, Lazarevskoe, Sochi). This is the only
dolmen known of such (monolithic) type. Sizes of the sandstone rock
7.4m (width) x 6.03m (high) x 17.0m (length). It is one of the nearest
dolmens to the Black Sea coast (~1 km). And there is a healing mineral
spring near the back side of the dolmen's rock. Local inhabitants use
this rock and the spring as special sacred site.

 

 

...Second megalithic region I speak about is Pshada Valley.

A distinctive feature of the dolmens of this region is high quality of assembling the megaliths. The most number of that megaliths are assembled using sandstone sloves. You can see Pshada's trapezoidal construction. It is a specifis distinct of this valley. Someone of the dolmens have damaged stone walls in front of the megalith. New discoveries can give us a great number of underground megaliths. I saw some roofs in the ground during last expedition (January 2000). And we have a strange story about one of the dolmens full of wine and other food. Soviet security brought all to Moscow. So, no information we have now.

Another unique discovery made by my friends and wife (october 1999) was a demaged dolmen with an image of a bull on the roof. As far as I know
there are no any other not abstract images on megaliths in Caucasus. In addition you can look at Pshada's dolmens at
http://megalith.ru/articles/pshada/index2.shtml
in Russian with a lot of photos. That is a result of my winter travel. The name of article is "60 Dolmens of Pshada".

The number of megaliths in one group is not more then 28. The high of mountains around the valley is up to 800 m over sea level. Three dolmen in the valley are of semi-monolithic type. This classification mean that a megalith was cut in a sandstone rock and an addition slove was put down on the top as a roof. What is the whole number of megaliths in Pshada Valley? I saw 61 dolmens myself, I know (include local inhabitant's descriptions) up to 120, I think about 500 and more. And some information about other artifacts was obtained last months...